Module: Moses Shapira



Compare the three versions of how Shapira supposedly got possession of the scrolls. Further discuss to which extent those versions may be of help to evaluate the authenticity of the scrolls.

Retracing the story of the Shapira Manuscripts

Scientific American, 1883

  • Guthe, Hermann. Fragmente einer Lederhandschrift enthaltend Mose’s letzte Rede an die Kinder Israel, mitgetheilt … Breitkopf & Härtel, 1883.
  • „The Shapira Manuscripts“. Palestine Exploration Quarterly, Bd. 15, Nr. 4, Oktober 1883, S.195–209.


Create a timeline to retrace the story of the Shapira Manuscripts after they got into Shapira’s possession. Where and by whom where they evaluated, what were the results, and what conclusions were made?

Public reaction

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